The Leningrad resort area (Sestroretsky resort area) is a seaside strip of the Karelian Isthmus, 40 km long and 2-6 km wide, from Sestroretsk to the mouth of the r. Ionin-Ioki, stretched in a latitudinal direction along the northeastern and northern coast of the Gulf of Finland (Fig.). The following resorts and resort settlements are part of the Leningrad resort area: Sestroretsk, Solnechnoye, Repino, Komarovo, Zelenogorsk, Ushkovo, Serovo, Molodezhnoe, Smolyachkovo. The distance from Leningrad to the nearest and final point of the district is 25–70 km, and by waterway along the bay - 40–60 km.
All along the coast of the bay stretches a ridge of sand dunes and hills forming the lower and upper sea terraces. Lower terrace height from 4 to 7 m above sea level. m and a width of 0.2 (Ushkovo) to 0.8 km (Repino) is covered with pine and deciduous forest. The upper terrace, picturesquely rising above sea level [from 17 m (Sunny - Repino) to 40 m (Komarovo — Ushkovo)], is covered with a mixed forest, in which spruce prevails. There are several lakes in the area: 2.5 km from Komarovo - the lake. Pike Square 1 km 2 ; 12.5 km from Zelenogorsk - Lake. Kayavan and Lampi, in 12 km - oz. Beauty. The lakes are very picturesque, their high banks are covered with mixed forests; sandy beaches are comfortable for swimming. The best beaches in the area: the beach in Repino, 130 m wide, 1.5 km long; Golden Beach in Zelenogorsk, 160 m wide, 1.3 km long; beach in Sunny width of 180 m, 2 km; The beach in Ushkovo, 500 m long and 50 m wide, with a very gentle sea bottom, is extremely convenient for bathing children. The swimming season usually lasts from the beginning of June to the end of August. The average water temperature in June is 14.5 °, in July 18.5 °, in August 18 °. The climate of the Leningrad resort area is characterized by a moderately warm summer (t ° cf in July 17 °) with a predominance of sunny, occasionally hot and dry weather, and a moderately mild winter (in February t ° —9 °). During the warm period (April - October), 410 mm of precipitation falls (with an annual amount of 600 mm). The highest monthly average rainfall is in August - 80 mm.Go
The main therapeutic agents: aerohelio-thalassotherapy.
In Sestroretsky resort area a network of sanatoriums, rest homes, boarding houses, children's health institutions, pioneer camps, tourist camps has been established.
Sestroretsk - balneological and climatic seaside lowland resort located in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland, 34 km from St. Petersburg; sandy, convenient for swimming beach 80 m wide and 2 km long. Between the sea and the river. Sister - pine forest. To the resort’s medical remedies, besides climate and bathing, low-mineralized (1.12 g / l) sodium chloride water with a radon content of up to 10 units is considered. Mahe, emerging from the Lower Cambrian sediments.
The scheme of resorts and therapeutic areas of the Leningrad resort area.
Water is used for baths, as well as for internal use (the Pelican drinking pump-room), a large swimming pool filled with heated mineral water, and used for therapeutic bathing in combination with therapeutic exercises. For therapeutic purposes (for mud therapy), githium clay is used. Near Sestroretsk are the resort villages Razliv, Tarkhovka, Gorskaya, Aleksandrovka, Lakhta, Olgino. Indications: diseases of the cardiovascular system (hypertonic disease not higher than II degree, the initial forms of atherosclerosis), chronic polyarthritis of different etiologies, diseases of the peripheral nervous system, gynecological diseases (requiring mud therapy), diseases of the digestive organs , metabolism ( obesity , gout, mild forms diabetes mellitus), functional diseases of the nervous system, diseases of the respiratory organs of a non-tuberculosis character (in the warm season), overwork, convalescence. For stays in specialized sanatoriums (for adults and children), indications - depending on the profile of the sanatorium. See also Resorts.