Lipoma (synonym: adipose, lipoblastoma) is a benign tumor that develops from adipose tissue (Fig.). Depending on the size of the lobes and more or less development of connective tissue , lipofibromas and fibrolipomas are distinguished. The size of the lipoma is different: from hazelnut to the head of an adult and more. Lipomas have a thin capsule, are mobile, separated from normal tissues, and are easily husked during surgery. Most often, the lipoma is found in the subcutaneous tissue, intermuscularly, in the peritoneal space, rarely in the stomach, colon, liver, etc. Lipomas of the retroperitoneal space often recur after removal and can be malignant.
The clinical course of single and multiple lipomas is quite benign. Lipomas after injuries sometimes suppurate.
Surgical treatment with histological examination of the tumor.
Lipoma (from the Greek. Lipos - fat) - a benign tumor of adipose tissue. Lipoma often localized in the subcutaneous fatty tissue, interstitial connective tissue, intermuscular fascia; less frequently in the joints, tendon sheaths, the gastrointestinal tract, the liver, the kidneys, the wide ligament of the uterus.
On a section, a yellow lipoma, with a greater or smaller amount of connective tissue interlayers, which cause the lobulation of the tumor. The parenchyma of the lipoma consists of fat cells, the stroma consists of connective tissue fibers, blood vessels, and nerves. More or less the predominance of the stroma causes the consistency of the tumor.
Lipoma is surrounded by a connective tissue capsule, it grows expansively, slowly, as a rule, does not give a recurrence.
In the lipoma there may be secondary changes: necrosis, mucus, pus nose, melting, calcification.
Cases of the malignancy of a lipoma are described. Observed lipomas dysontogenetichesky origin.
The clinical symptoms of a lipoma depend on its size, location and the nature of secondary changes. Superficial lipoma is easy to recognize, deeply located - sometimes it is difficult. Surgical treatment: removal of the tumor within healthy tissue.