The ethnoscience


Traditional medicine is a traditional medicine based, in particular, on the use of plants instead of modern scientific principles. It includes the znacharian practice of healing, which arose as a result of superstition, cultural traditions or empirical use for the treatment of local folk remedies, especially nutrients. The traditional art of medicine, practiced by unprofessional healers among village communities and primitive peoples, especially isolated from modern medical services, embodied in local customs or knowledge, usually consisting of the use of natural herbs, herbs, fruits and vegetables that are believed to have healing power etc.

Traditional medicine has existed since the first people appeared. In an effort to cope with the dangers of the environment, people and their ancestors began to develop ways to reduce pain and treat physical and mental problems. Many treatments have undoubtedly gone through trial and error using various plants and other methods derived from observing how animals respond to illnesses and injuries and also treat them. Over time, people in family and tribal groups became more skilled in helping the sick and wounded, and some of them became responsible for conducting healing ceremonies, religious rituals and other rituals aimed at ensuring the safety and health of their communities.


Magic and witchcraft played an important role here. In these societies, where witchcraft and religious beliefs were of great importance, the diseases were explained by external factors that penetrated the body and harmed it. People's efforts to find solutions to these diseases laid the foundation of traditional medicine. Consequently, in traditional societies, views about disease and health originated as part of popular culture. For this reason, the practice associated with this issue relates to the field of anthropology, ethnology and sociology, and technical analysis refers to the disciplines of medicine and pharmacology.

Traditional medicine differs from modern medicine. Traditional medicine lives among people as part of their culture. In traditional societies, any information about diseases is transmitted through generations. People study traditional medicine as well as other components of culture.

The main difference between modern medicine and traditional is the cause of the disease. While modern medicine tries to explain the causes of disease from a scientific point of view, traditional medicine, which also accepts the existence of microbes, explains the ailments mostly of magical and supernatural forces.

But the forms and duration of treatment in folk and modern medicine are sometimes very similar.

In general, we can say that modern and traditional medicine often interact with each other. Focusing on the causes of the disease, modern medicine benefits from traditional medicine to improve the range of available procedures. In addition, traditional medicine uses every opportunity to benefit from the development of modern medicine. In this framework, in some cases, traditional medicine gave way to pharmacological drugs. However, some people do not trust modern medicine in such cases as a bad eye or when someone is under the influence of an evil spirit. Both folk and modern medicine are used in certain diseases, such as asthma or for solving problems with the heart. Cancer and other diseases requiring surgical treatment, completely go into modern medicine.


Traditional Medicine: Myth or Salvation

Among our generation, there are far fewer healthy people than there used to be. Today, many chronic diseases, as well as their attendant diseases. They accompany us from an early age, and we are not to blame, so we were born. But there are those who believe that civilization is to blame with its progress, which destroys not only us, but also the environment around us. They believe that the main problem is drug treatment, namely, abuse of it.

Traditional medicine is, so to speak, a branch of scientific medicine, which contains a lot of knowledge about different diseases, as well as the methods of their treatment. They have been collected for centuries, from generation to generation, by our ancestors.

Before, traditional medicine was no different from traditional medicine as it is now. The term "folk medicine" was invented by German doctors-scientists. They noticed the attitude towards the health of the population, as well as the treatment that they applied to it. This included witchcraft, and even magic. It was, so to speak, the treatment of natural resources and beliefs. Hygiene was also used, with both standard and traditional medicine. Hence, the term "traditional medicine" meant the views of the population about all the diseases and the ways of their treatment. But scientists did not accept traditional medicine, because they were adherents of a scientific approach, and what they could not explain was considered abnormal. And as a result, this term began to be perceived as something dubious, not inspiring confidence.

At present, no one is advised to turn to traditional medicine and engage in self-medication, because it is considered unsafe and ineffective or almost ineffective. Studies have shown that almost all healers have no medical education, and some even consider mentally insane.

Earlier, very long time ago, folk medicine was very popular. Many healers and healers used medicinal herbs, and their use was the most common. Of them, medicinal ointments and compresses were made. The people of Egypt once used even opium for medicinal purposes. And Tibetan medicine in general worked wonders: it said that there is no such substance in nature that would not be useful to a person for therapeutic purposes.

Hygiene in those days marked the beginning of modern scientific hygiene, as well as knowledge about it, which developed and replenished over the centuries. Measures for hygiene were legalized for the first time by slave owners. Tibetan medicine focused more on the therapeutic effects on humans of air, nature, sunlight, and as a hygiene they preferred sleep, moderate food and, of course, cleanliness.

All knowledge of folk medicine, which gathered for centuries, was captured in the writings of ancient Greek physicians Galen, Hippocrates and many others. In classical medicine, many drugs taken from traditional medicine are used. One of these is acupuncture. Also Caesarean section is still very popular among the peoples of Africa. There are a lot of such examples.

If we take our country, then we also have: wormwood is used in a feverish state, birch sap - in the treatment of purulent wounds, rowan is used for scurvy.

Some methods of treatment with folk remedies

Bite sting
a) Apply ice to the bite site. If ice is not available, rinse the wound with cold water or spread dirt.
b) Wrap the bite with a bunch of parsley.
c) Rub garlic in the place of bite.

Heat (high temperature)
a) Saturate the towel with vinegar and apply on the forehead, neck, arms, legs and the entire body. This operation is repeated until the patient's temperature decreases.
b) Dissolve aspirin in lemon juice and rub into the patient's body, starting with the forehead.
c) A mixture of grain alcohol, aspirin and a few drops of olive oil are rubbed into the joints of the body.

Pigeon eggs are eaten every morning for 40 days as the first meal.

a) The black cabbage leaf is heated and placed on the affected area. This operation is repeated many times.
b) Mixture of boiled and ground flaxseed, henna and naphtha oils are ground on the aching parts of the body. This operation is repeated several times a day.
c) To make cream from dry tobacco and crayfish. Affected areas covered with this cream.
d) Fry the fine sand with the addition of olives, and cover with this mixture the affected areas while it is still warm. This operation lasts 3 or 4 days.

Sore feet
The coarse salt is dissolved in hot water, and the feet are washed in this solution for ten minutes.

Sprains, sprains
Puree onion with salt or olives placed on a dislocated area.

a) Cut potatoes into slices and sprinkle coffee on them. These slices are placed on the forehead.
b) Round slices of lemon are placed on the forehead.
c) The patient covers the head with the bile of an animal mixed with henna for several hours.