Diarrhea viral (a synonym for diarrhea viral) is an acute, little-studied viral disease characterized by a primary lesion of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea), fever, symptoms of the defeat of the respiratory tract and the nervous system. The nosological independence of viral diarrhea has not yet been established; according to modern ideas, viral diarrhea is a syndrome with some viral diseases, in particular enterovirus and adenovirus. The disease occurs in the form of sporadic cases and group outbreaks, more often in children. The source of the infection is a sick person. Infection occurs, apparently, alimentary. Susceptibility, pathogenesis and immunity have not been adequately studied. The incubation period is 1-3 days. The onset of the disease is acute, with fever rising to 38-39 °, there is nausea , vomiting , headache, vague abdominal pains and abundant loose stools several times a day; in the feces of mucus and blood is not observed. Diarrhea is usually accompanied by symptoms of the defeat of the respiratory tract - a cough, runny nose , which sometimes precede the development of intestinal disorders, sometimes appear a few days after the onset of diarrhea. Intoxication is small. Possible enlargement of the liver, spleen , lymph nodes. Occasionally, there are phenomena of meningism. The disease lasts 3-7 or more days.
Complications are rare, the outlook is favorable. With a differential diagnosis, dysentery (see) and food-borne diseases (see) should be excluded. Specific treatment is not. In order to influence the secondary flora, sulfonamide and antibiotic preparations ( phthalazole or sulgin 1 g 4 times per day, tetracycline at 200,000 units 4 times per day) are used. Prevention is the same as with other acute intestinal infectious and enteroviral diseases . There is no specific prevention. Patients are hospitalized in infectious hospitals.