Health education is one of the sections of the preventive activities of the organs and institutions of Soviet health, the tasks of which are hygienic training and education of the population, as well as the promotion of medical knowledge in order to preserve health, high working capacity and increase life expectancy . According to the Fundamentals of the Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics on Public Health "The health care institutions and institutions, together with the organs and institutions of science, culture and public education, with the active participation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent societies and other public organizations, are designed to ensure the promotion of scientific medical and hygienic knowledge among the population .
Sanprosvet work is the professional and public responsibility of all health care workers. According to the order of the Minister of Health of the USSR of 19 / V 1964, every doctor and average medical worker are required to allocate 4 hours a month from his working time for sanitary education of work.
The health education is organized by the health authorities; Scientific Center of Health Education - Central Institute of Health Education. As specialized institutions in all regional centers, large cities and many district centers there are houses for health education — organizational and methodological centers for health education in the territory they serve.Go
The House of Health Education develops plans for health education, coordinates the plans of medical and other institutions and organizations in the region, city, district for health education, taking into account and reflecting in its work the most important tasks and activities of health care. The planning of sanitary and educational events is carried out in accordance with the interests of protecting public health and the local tasks of the health authorities, the sanitary and epidemiological situation, the structure of morbidity and the sanitary condition of individual objects. The House of Health Education conducts seminars for health workers, organizes lectures, provides lecturers with visual aids, etc. All medical, preventive, and sanitary-epidemiological institutions, such as hospitals, clinics , sanitary and epidemiological stations , dispensaries, consultations, etc., are involved in organizing and conducting sanitary education. It also includes clubs, palaces of culture, libraries, red corners in enterprises, institutions, and house management. A large part in health education takes the society "Knowledge", it organizes the reading of lectures and publishes literature of nature education. The Soviet Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (see Red Cross, Red Crescent) are widely promoting sanitary and medical knowledge among the many millions of members of societies. Participate in the promotion of knowledge of sanitation and hygiene as trade unions, physical education and sports organizations.
For coordination and public administration of health education under the USSR Ministry of Public Health, the All-Union Health Education Council has been formed, which includes representatives of Soviet, trade union and other public organizations.
The most important place in health education is the promotion of information on the prevention of diseases, primarily infectious and professional. Much attention is paid to the prevention of cardiovascular, oncological diseases, as well as tuberculosis, skin and venereal diseases, and in some areas of helminth diseases, trachoma , etc., all medical institutions, especially the sanitary epidemiological station and all dispensaries, deal with this kind of attention. tuberculosis, dermatovenerologic, oncologic, medical and sports, etc. Special attention in health education is given to the protection of motherhood and childhood. Sanprosvet work on the protection of maternal and child health is carried out in the antenatal clinic during the entire period of pregnancy (conversations on the prevention of diseases of the pregnant woman, food hygiene, rest, lectures at the school of mothers). Discussions and lectures on the care of newborns are also held in the postpartum ward . During the patronage carried out by the nurse from the children's consultation, the necessary conversations with the mother and relatives are conducted; sanprosvet work continues and during the preventive treatment of mothers with children in the children's clinic (room "healthy child", etc.). Doctors working in the medical departments and health centers are working to familiarize workers, engineers and other employees of enterprises with the necessary information on occupational health, injury prevention, occupational diseases , etc. In this work, especially in promoting safety , great help trade union organizations provide health workers.