Participation in the work in the movement of many groups of muscles on the skis provides a good development of the musculature. The long muscular work of skiers, associated with a large expenditure of energy, causes an increase in the function and development of respiratory organs, blood circulation, etc. Hygienic conditions of employment (in the forest, in the field, in the frosty air) enhance the health effect of skiing. Along with the development of physical endurance, classes in rough terrain, especially skiing and skiing from a springboard, where a good technique for skiing is needed, also develops the speed of motor reaction, high coordination of movements, fosters courage, determination and resourcefulness. All types of skiing, associated with a large physiological load, require systematic training. Ski trips and hikes, even long ones, but conducted at a moderate speed, with known training are available to all people regardless of gender and age. Training in skiing can begin from 4-5 years, training and participation in competitions (at distances up to 3-6 km) - not earlier than 10-11 years, training in ski techniques and ski jumping - from 9-10 years. When practicing skiing, you must have appropriate clothing and shoes, as well as know how to prevent possible frostbite (see).The
Caution does not hurt
Do you need to be afraid of colds when you go skiing? Figuratively speaking, this is the case: when you go there - you can not be afraid, back - be afraid to get cold. Ideal case, if somewhere in the forest you have a place where you could completely change clothes, say, a ski base. If not - well after a good many hours walk insulate yourself somehow, at least a hat to change and a sweater. And the most dangerous thing is not to change clothes, long to wait for an electric train or a bus. The right remedy is to catch a cold. (By the way, if you accidentally suffered a cold disease, then on skis rise not earlier than 10-12 days after recovery).
The Achilles' heel of inexperienced skiers is the worn legs. They are often due to the fact that many follow a common, but erroneous opinion: they say, it's better to have a bigger boot and put a few socks on. The boot should be almost "size in size", and socks must be worn alone. (Racers usually wear a thin woolen sock). If the abrasion has turned out and you found it in the forest, you need to take off your shoes and eliminate the cause of the scuff. It is better to stop the walk on this - to remove skis and get home on foot. Minor abrasion can be treated at home on their own: an ointment is applied (from a heparin ointment or Vishnevsky ointment). After 3-5 days the leg heals, and you can get on skis.
Skiing is one of the physical exercises that contribute to overall physical development and physical endurance. However, high-speed skiing in conditions of severely rugged terrain, especially skiing and jumping, develop coordination of movements, speed of motor reaction, a sense of balance, courage and determination. Competitive skiing, which requires special training, includes high-speed skiing, skiing, ski jumping. Walking on skis, mountaineering, excursions and hiking, long runs, skiing with sails, a horse, a motorcycle, etc. are also common. When walking on skis (Fig.) A large number of muscle groups of the whole body are involved in the work. Therefore, persons who have regularly engaged in skiing for a number of years have a strong physique, proportionally developed musculature; along with a well developed lower belt, they have a well developed musculature of the trunk (especially the back and abdomen) and the shoulder girdle.
Walking on skis (1-6 - consecutive moments).
Systematic skiing helps to strengthen the nervous system, respiratory and circulatory organs, improve metabolism. Hygienic conditions in the forest, the field and the quenching effect of frost air increase the recreational value of skiing.The
In the appropriate forms of skiing is widely used in the physical education of children and students, in the sports work of organized collectives and in the individual sports activities of people of various ages. For medical reasons, skiing is used as a means of therapeutic physical training (see). In all cases, the general regime and load in skiing should be commensurate with age, gender, health status and preparedness of the trainees. Persons over 30 years of age, as well as those suffering from any illnesses about the treatment regimen, should consult a doctor. When conducting a special training in skiing, medical supervision is mandatory (see). The teaching of children on skiing can begin at the age of 5 (depending on the physical development). Training in high-speed skiing and participation in competitions for teenagers under the age of 13-14 is inexpedient.
Initial training in mountain skiing and jumping from a springboard is possible from the age of 10-12 years.
Clothing for skiing should be free and easy, protect well from the cold, but do not be excessively warm. Shoes (preferably special ski boots) should not be cramped; You should wear thick woolen socks. In connection with a significant expenditure of energy in skiing, it is especially important to have enough food - a calorie-rich easily assimilated breakfast for 1-1.5 hours before going to classes, and for a long walk - food on the road. Be sure to comply with the drinking regime, (see). Prevention of possible scuffing and frostbite during skiing is facilitated by caring for the feet, good fit and keeping the shoes and clothes in good order; classes and competitions of children at an air temperature below -15 ° in windless weather and -10 °, -12 ° with wind are canceled.
To prevent injuries during skiing and ski jumping the strict sequence in the training of ski equipment, the working condition of the inventory, the good preparation of the course for the competitions, the correct arrangement of the springboard for jumping are of the utmost importance.