Tobacco production is an industry that processes raw tobacco and produces tobacco.
The main occupational hazards in tobacco factories are fine tobacco and shag dust , the nicotine content in which ranges from 0.7 to 3%. An admixture of silicon is often found in dust; the ash content of dust is comparatively high. The greatest dust content is formed during the operations of mechanical processing of raw materials (during sorting, pressing, sieving and packaging). The nicotine content in the air of industrial premises can reach 4–6 mg / m 3 . In the course of fermentation, other toxic substances can also be formed - methyl alcohol (see), carbon monoxide (see). It is not excluded the possibility of contamination of tobacco raw materials with pesticides, which process tobacco plantations. To the harmful effects of tobacco production should also include the intense noise, high temperature (up to 50-60 °) and high humidity in the shops.
Workers may experience inflammatory changes in the mucous membranes of the nose, pharynx, gums, bronchitis, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma, caused by the irritating and allergic properties of tobacco dust. Sealing technological equipment with a device for local suction, as well as the use of personal protective equipment (goggles, U-2K, F-62Sh respirators, protective ointments and IER-2 pastes , Selisky, etc.) are effective remedial measures in tobacco factories.
Monitoring the improvement of working conditions should include systematic hygienic measurements of the parameters of the microclimate, toxic emissions, noise, etc., and constant monitoring of the health of workers (periodic medical examinations at least once a year). The hygienic parameters of the production environment must comply with the standards ( MAC of tobacco dust 3 mg / m 3 ).