A tick is an involuntary, fast, irregular clonic muscle contraction, repeated stereotypically. There are localized and common tics. Localized tick includes the face, neck, arms and legs. Among facial tics, the most frequent are tics of the circular muscles of the eye (blepharotics) and blink ticks; there are ticks of the muscles of the forehead, nose, mouth (smacking, sucking , snicking, etc.). Tics of the muscles of the neck and shoulder girdle (forced rotation of the head or kivitelnye movements) are somewhat less common; These tics are often combined with facial ones. For ticks of hands, motor acts are characteristic, similar to a random clicking of the fingers, twitching of the shoulders, fastening, etc .; tiki of legs is expressed by fast squatting, sudden bending of legs, dancing.
A tick of any localization may be accompanied by motor reactions in the form of sighs, shouts, sobs, coughing, sneezing , hiccups. Sometimes sounds are heard that resemble mooing, growling, or barking.
In a speech tick, the patient is inadvertently and senselessly repeats any word or set of words. Respiratory tick includes coughing, sneezing, hiccups. Some forms of stuttering are also referred to ticks (see). A common tick proceeds as a common hyperkinesis.
A tick may be due to an organic lesion of the subcortical apparatus or peripheral motor nerves, but more often it is a functionally caused defect resulting from somatic asthenia after illness ( tuberculosis , cholecystitis , etc.) or psychogenic injuries. Often develops in children.
The prognosis of tic is different: in some cases, tick persists throughout life, in others it easily passes after appropriate reorganization (treatment of cholecystitis, tuberculosis, chronic tonsillitis , and worm infestation), in the third cases it responds well to psychotherapy and autotraining. The patient must be consulted with a neurologist. It is advisable to use tranquilizers - aminazin 25 mg 1 time a day before going to bed, seduxen 5 mg 2 times a day.