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Peat treatment

Peat treatment is a mud therapy method that uses peat mud. Peat is formed as a result of long-term decomposition of swamp plant organisms with limited access of air.

For therapeutic purposes, peat mud with a high degree of decomposition of plant residues (humification) is particularly suitable; the higher the degree of decomposition and the more homogenous the mass, the more suitable peat for therapeutic purposes.

The therapeutic effect of peat treatment is due to a number of physical and chemical properties of peat: high moisture capacity, depending mainly on the degree of decomposition, low specific weight (less than sludge mud), significant heat capacity and heat retention capacity (higher than sludge mud). Peat mud is much richer in organic matter than mineral mud. Raw peat, which is suitable for medicinal use, has a dark brown or black color; when squeezed in his hand, he easily slips between his fingers, smearing his hand and not emitting water. The less decomposed peat has a light yellow color, contains plant residues, remains in the hand when squeezed, does not slip between the fingers, and releases unpainted water. Such peat is not used for therapeutic purposes. Peat intended for medicinal use is subjected to bacteriological examination.

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If peat deposits are fed with mineral water sources, they are named depending on the chemical composition of water sources: ferrous, sulphate, etc. Stocks of raw peat in peat treatment clinics should be stored in a moderately humid room with a temperature slightly above 0 °, preferably in boxes. If the peat is dry, then add mineral or fresh water, bringing it to the desired consistency. Before heating, peat is freed from large particles, plant debris, pebbles, etc., using special mechanisms for this purpose.

Heating of peat for the release of mud procedures is carried out in buckets and drawers according to the principle of a water bath either in appliances or in pipes through which the peat is mechanically fed directly to the patient’s couch.

The method of peat treatment is basically the same as in mud therapy. Peat mud is used in the form of applications. Peat is applied with a layer not less than 5 cm thick. The temperature of the peat for the application is not higher than 38–45 °, the duration of the procedure is 15–20 minutes. The course of treatment is 12-15 procedures. Peat applications on the hand and forearm impose a patient in a sitting position. In gynecological practice, as with mud therapy, in addition to applications on the abdomen and pelvis (“pants”), the method of vaginal tampons is used, and in urological - rectal tampons (for example, with prostatitis ). The mechanism of action of peat procedures, indications and contraindications to their use are the same as in mud therapy (see). Benefits for the medical staff, working in peat hospitals - see Mud baths.