Trichostrongilosis (trichostrongylidoses) are helminthoses caused by filamentous helminths of the Trichostrongylidae family (Fig.) Parasitizing in the small intestines of humans, cattle and small horned livestock. quickly becomes invasive, i.e. capable of infecting humans or animals. Trichostrongilosis infection occurs when ingestion of invasive larvae with contaminated food is swallowed.
Trichostrongylus colubriformis; on the right is an egg (enlarged).
The clinical picture (signs and symptoms). There is a decrease in appetite, nausea , abdominal pain, unstable stool, headache, pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, sometimes hypochromic or normochromic anemia, eosinophilia .
Laboratory diagnosis is crucial and is based on the discovery in the feces of Trichostrongilide eggs, which resemble ankylostomid eggs, but are somewhat larger than the latter; in newly isolated eggs from trichostrongilid from 8–16 to 30 balls of crushing (fig.), in eggs of ankilostomid there are only 4 balls.
Treatment . Apply nafammon on an empty stomach 2 hours before breakfast. A single (daily) dose of Naftammon: for children under 5 years old — 2–2.5 g, 6–8 years for 3 g, 9–10 years for 4 g, over 10 years old, and for adults 5 g. The daily dose of the drug is stirred at 50 ml of sugar syrup and give the patient a drink in one step. Treatment spend 5 days in a row. Laxative is not prescribed.
Prevention . Personal hygiene measures.
See also Helminthiasis, Helminthological research methods.