Bipolar affective disorder (formerly “manic-depressive psychosis”) is a mental disorder that manifests itself in sudden mood swings. The active period of the disease consists of two phases - manic and depressive, which are replaced by "light" gaps, called interphases. Often in patients with BAR reveal increased anxiety.
Most often, relatively young people are exposed to this disorder, but more age groups are not insured. If we talk about the sexual structure, that women are more often affected by the disease.
After the debut of the disease, relapses occur and its phases recur periodically. Depending on the nature of the disease, the frequency of the phases varies, individual for each patient.
Causes of the disease
BAR is a disease of endogenous nature, the development of which is influenced by hereditary factors.
Also known cases of bipolar disorder during autointoxication. Stress can provoke the appearance of the disease, and stress can be caused not only by a negative reaction to an event, but also by a strong pleasant experience.Go
Symptoms of bipolar affective disorder
In a patient with BAR, depressive and manic episodes occur, alternating with mixed states.
Signs of a manic episode
- The feeling of happiness, a surge of strength;
- Drastic mood swings for irritability and anger;
- Inability to concentrate;
- Increased performance;
- Low need for rest;
- Increased libido;
- Abuse of alcohol, drugs;
Signs of a depressive episode
- Low mood;
- Decrease in interest in habitual occupations which gave pleasure earlier;
- The appearance of difficulties with concentration;
- Failure to make a decision;
- Sleep disturbance, insomnia;
- Disturbed appetite.
During breaks, a person can behave quite adequately, which gives relatives false hope that the disease will pass by itself. Experts in the field of psychiatry recommend not to wait for a relapse, but seek help immediately after the onset of signs of the disease. BAR treatment is a very complicated process that requires high professionalism, and that is why it is desirable to contact a private psychiatric clinic.
BAR therapy, started immediately after the first manic episode, is most effective.
Treatment of TIR should include:
- The use of antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy for depressive states;
- Relief of acute manic episode;
- Treatment with mood stabilizers;
- Psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy;
- Family psychotherapy.
If you are worried about the first manifestations of this disorder, we advise you to consult a specialist, because early detection of the disease contributes to the most effective treatment.