Pharmacology is a medical science that studies the effect of drugs on the body. The tasks of modern pharmacology: experimental and clinical study of changes occurring in the body under the influence of drugs, the study of the mechanism of their action for use in medical practice, as well as finding new effective drugs.
Pharmacology in the broad sense of the word is the science of drugs, or medicine (Greek pharmakon - medicine and logos - teaching). This is an extensive science whose data are used in biology , medicine, veterinary medicine , animal husbandry, pharmacy , in the synthesis and research of new medicinal substances, etc.
Different materials are required for each of these areas, and therefore the content of pharmacology is different in higher education institutions of a different profile.
In the system of veterinary education, pharmacology is a science that studies changes in living organisms under the influence of medicinal substances and on the basis of this determines indications, as well as the methods and conditions for the use of these substances in animal husbandry.
Expanding the concept of pharmacology as a science, it should first be borne in mind that medicinal, or pharmacological and, are synthetic, inorganic substances, as well as animal and vegetable origin, intended for the treatment of patients and the prevention of animal diseases; Some substances are also used to increase the fertility and productivity of animals.
Most of the substances used in veterinary medicine, used in medicine, but there are a number of tools only for veterinary use. Medicinal substances are produced by the pharmaceutical industry and individual specialized agricultural institutions.
The arsenal of medicinal substances is constantly being replenished with new, more valuable drugs, due to which it is possible to systematically replace the applied substances with new, more advanced ones. The further the pharmacology develops, the more opportunities there are for obtaining more advanced means. At the first stage, they were obtained only from plants. The plant world is now a rich source, and methods for producing substances are very improved.