Hypothalamus (a synonym for the hypothalamic region) is the midbrain (diencephalon), located down from the visual hillock and is a cluster of vegetative nerve cells. The hypothalamus takes part in the regulation of the most important functions of the body: sleep and wakefulness; emotional manifestations; vegetative-vascular functions (regulation of arterial pressure, vascular tone , cardiac activity); thermoregulation ; functions of the endocrine glands;
metabolism (water, carbohydrate, fat, mineral). The hypothalamus carries out complex processes of assimilation and dissimilation, participates in the regulation of the ionic environment of the body.
With the defeat of the hypothalamus (tumor, inflammatory diseases), all these processes are violated: arterial pressure rises, obesity can develop, edema develops, the permeability of vascular walls increases, hemorrhages on the skin and mucous membranes form, sudden painful conditions develop with loss and without loss of consciousness, subcortical epilepsy (see), narcolepsy (see), vegetative-visceral (or diencephalic) crises (see) with anginal pain in the heart, gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by a sense of th longe , thirst, rapid urination. Patients with similar disorders should be referred to a neurologist.
Treatment of the underlying disease. Symptomatically prescribed drugs bromine, calcium , diphenhydramine, vitamins.