Wood industry (occupational health). The woodworking industry includes enterprises for the production of plywood, chipboard, furniture and joinery.
The main production hazards in the production of plywood are high temperature and humidity of the air in the steaming chambers, dryers and presses, the release of formaldehyde vapors into the air in the dryers for drying the adhesive layer and in the press (when using urea-formaldehyde glues). In the production of particle boards, the main hazards are noise when crushing wood, the release of formaldehyde vapors during hot pressing and wood dust , impregnated with resin glue, in molding units.
Occupational hazards in the production of furniture - adverse microclimatic conditions in the drying compartments, the release of formaldehyde vapors into the air during gluing and veneering, as well as lacquer aerosols and solvent vapors during finishing. In joiner's workshops, the main danger is mechanical injuries when working on woodworking machines, especially on circular saws, as well as dustiness of air during grinding. Due to contact with synthetic glue, workers may develop professional skin lesions: dermatitis (see) and eczema (see).
The main preventive measures to prevent occupational hazards: effective ventilation of the premises, noise control, compliance with measures for labor protection and safety . All working with synthetic glue and other harmful areas are subject to periodic (1 time per year) medical examinations. When applying for a job, preliminary medical examinations are carried out.