Desmurgy is the doctrine of the imposition of bandages. There are the following types of dressings.
The plaster bandage is used for small or tightly sewn wounds, furuncles , for approaching the edges of the granulating wounds (Figure 3), for fracture of the ribs (Figure 4), and after the correction of the umbilical hernias (Figure 5). Apply a plaster bandage from the coil of the adhesive patch after it is unwound or a bactericidal sticky adhesive after removing the protective film from it. The adhesive is applied directly to small wounds, abrasions, scratches after treatment with an alcohol solution of iodine or on top of the dressing with strips of various shapes (Fig. 1). Strips should grasp the skin in the circumference of the dressing (Figure 2).
Zinc-gelatin dressing is used to provide constant pressure for varicose ulcers of the shins.The
Gelatine in powder (200 g) is placed in cold water (200 ml) for swelling. Excess water is drained and a vessel is placed with softened gelatin into a water bath (in another vessel with boiling water), mix until gelatin becomes liquid. 100 g of zinc oxide are mixed with 300 ml of water and 100 g of glycerin is added. This gruel-like mass, stirring, is added to the gelatin and then poured into a flat cup, where it solidifies in the form of a paste. Before applying the zinc-gelatin dressing, the paste should be heated in a water bath and, when the paste becomes mushy, lubricate the skin of the foot and lower leg; Apply a bandage bandage (4-5 layers), additionally spreading each layer with paste.
Kleolovaya bandage is used in the same cases as plaster. On the affected area superimposed folded in several layers of gauze, the skin in a circle is greased with a glue. When it begins to dry out (threads are formed between the finger and the skin when touching it), apply a gauze cloth in one layer, pulling it and pressing it tightly against the skin, greased with a glue. Excess gauze is cut. Sometimes, when applying bandage dressings for greater strength, the skin in the circumference of the wound is greased with a glue.
Recipes of glue: pine or spruce resin 30 g, ether 100 g, linseed oil 0.1 g or rosin 40 g, alcohol 95 ° 33 g, ether 15 g, sunflower oil 1 g. When added to the glue antiseptic substances ( furacilin ) or antibiotics ( synthomycin ) can be lubricated by abrasions, scratches and superficial incisions. Healing occurs under the wound covering the wound.
The collodion bandage is used in the same cases as the plaster bandage. Covering the wound with dressings, apply a gauze cloth over it. Its free edges, adjacent directly to the skin, are moistened with collodion and wait until it dries (Figure 6).
Bandages with the use of rubber glue . When the applied bandage is evenly lubricated with rubber glue (a solution of rubber in a mixture of ether and gasoline ), it can be protected from getting wet.
Such bandages are useful in young children to protect the wound from wetting with urine.The
Dressing garters . A kerchief is a triangular piece of cloth or a handkerchief folded diagonally (Figure 7). The long side of it is called the base, the corner opposite to it is the vertex, and the other two corners are the ends. Dressing bandages are used most often when providing first aid . The most convenient is the sling for hanging the hand (Fig. 8). The middle of the headscarf is placed under the forearm bent at right angles, the top is directed to the elbow, one end is between the body and the arm, the other is over the arm. The ends are tied around the neck. To improvise the bandage bandage, you can apply a strip of cloth, a towel (Figure 9), a jacket half (Figure 10). A bandage dressing can be applied to any part of the body, for example, it can cover the entire scalp (Figure 11), the mammary gland (Figure 12), the brush (Figure 13), the elbow joint region (Figure 14), buttocks (Figure 15), the shin (Figure 16), the foot (Figure 17). Having folded the kerchief on the base in the form of a tie, it can be used to apply the dressings to the axillary region and the shoulder-guard (Figure 18). Two kerchiefs, one of which is tied, can cover the shoulder region (Figure 19), the buttock area and the upper thigh (Figure 20).
- Bandage Bandages
- Head and neck bandages
- Chest bandages
- Bandages on the abdomen and perineum
- Bandages on the upper limb
- Bandages on the lower limb