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Kindergarten

The task of kindergartens is to ensure the proper physical, moral education and mental development of children of preschool age and to prepare them for school .

Kindergartens are built according to a standard design or opened in adapted premises while observing sanitary and hygienic requirements placed on them - maximum isolation of children's groups from each other in order to prevent the spread of infectious diseases among children of different groups (separate entrances, separate group rooms and playgrounds on the site kindergarten).

In 1959, it was decided to merge nurseries and kindergartens into a single children's institution - the nursery (see Nursery, nursery), where children are raised from 2-6 months to 7 years of age. Children in kindergarten are completed in groups (junior, middle, senior and preparatory). In kindergarten, children are either only during the day (for 10-12 hours), or around the clock, throughout the week, except for weekends.

Kindergartens are on the budget of the public education authorities or departments, enterprises, state farms, collective farms and other organizations.

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The management and control of the pedagogical and educational work in kindergartens is carried out by the public education authorities, regardless of the departmental affiliation of the kindergarten. Monitoring of treatment and preventive care in all kindergartens, regardless of their departmental affiliation, is carried out by health authorities. The average nursery staff of the kindergarten monitors the observance of sanitary and hygienic standards, daily routine, physical education and development, and the organization of food; periodically examines children, identifies children with disabilities in the state of health, if necessary, isolates them from groups before the arrival of a doctor or parents.

When a nursery admits children to a kindergarten, the nurse finds out what diseases the child has suffered at home, whether he has had contact with infectious patients, examines the child, becomes familiar with the data on his health, etc. procedures, performs doctor's appointments to children in need of treatment in kindergarten; monitors the development of hygienic skills for children. The nursing staff also monitors the implementation of sanitary and hygienic rules by kindergarten staff and carries out sanitary and educational work among them and among parents. Keeping accounting and reporting medical records is also the responsibility of nursing staff of the kindergarten. The nutrition of children is organized taking into account age features; the doctor and sister monitor the nutrition of the children, take part in the preparation of the menu, check the quality of the products, the food prepared and the caloric content of the children’s daily ration.

The persons who have special pedagogical education and have completed special medical courses are appointed to the position of the head of the kindergarten. For children with impaired hearing , vision, speech, mental development, weakened, patients with tuberculosis, specialized sanatorium kindergartens are created.