Disinfection chambers (installations) are stationary or mobile sanitary facilities designed to disinfect and disinfect clothes, bedding, shoes and other things.
Depending on the heat agent used, the disinfection chambers are divided into vapor-air (vapor-formalin), steam and hot-air chambers. In steam-air disinfection chambers, things are heated by steam to a temperature of 80–98 ° C at atmospheric pressure (without air displacement). Cameras equipped with a nozzle for spraying or a device for the evaporation of formalin are also vapor-formalin disinfection chambers, which allow to disinfect leather, fur and other things at a temperature of 40-59 °. In steam disinfection chambers, the disinfection of things is carried out with steam at a temperature of 100 ° C and above with atmospheric or slight overpressure.
Hot-air disinfection chambers are used to disinfect clothes, bedding and other items. The active agent in these chambers is dry hot air, having a temperature of 80-120 °.
Stationary disinfection chambers are used in medical institutions for disinfection and disinsection of outer clothing, bedding and footwear; subdivided into vapor-air (vapor-formalin) and steam.Go
Stationary disinfection chambers are equipped with carts for hanging (laying) and transporting disinfected things, powerful ventilation and heating devices, electric lighting and alarm systems. The room in which the disinfection chamber is installed is divided into a deaf partition into two compartments: loading (“dirty”) and unloading (“clean”).
Fig. 1. Stationary disinfection chamber KDF-3.
Fig. 2. Stationary disinfection chamber DKSK-1,8.
In the KDF-3 stationary chamber with a volume of 3.2 m 3 (Fig. 1), disinfected items placed on a special trolley are heated by steam coming through perforated pipes located on the floor. The chamber is equipped with a ventilation and heating system used to dry the treated items. Steam start valves and a funnel for pouring formalin into the evaporator are located on the control panel.Go
The stationary chamber DKSK-1,8 (Fig. 2) is mounted on two separate bases: on one chamber itself, on the other a steam boiler. The camera is available without a boiler, based on the centralized steam supply.
The disinfection chamber DKS-1,8 is a body welded from sheet steel, which is encircled with steel hoops. The camera has two doors for loading and unloading things. Clothes, previously put on hangers, are hung on strings, stretched under the ceiling. The temperature inside the chamber is monitored by a mercury thermometer.
The stationary disinfection chamber KDFO-2 is produced with the SZM-1 steam boiler, designed for pressures up to 0.7 kgf / cm 2 .
The main parameters and dimensions of stationary disinfection chambers manufactured by industry are listed in Table 1.
|Parameters and dimensions of stationary disinfection chambers||KDF-3||DXC-1,8||DKS-1,8|
| Internal dimensions, mm: |
Floor area, m 2
Volume, m 3
Loading capacity at the rate of 10 sets per 1 m 2 of floor, sets
Capacity at disinfection of cloth and paper clothes infected with vegetative forms of microbes, sets in 1 hour