The house of the child is a state institution intended for the upbringing of children from birth to three years. The orphanage, children of single mothers, who wished to place them in the child's home, abandoned children, children whose parents are deprived of their parental rights or serving their sentence, are admitted to the home of the child. The admission of children to the child's home is carried out according to the vouchers issued by the health authorities.
Parents who gave their child to the child's home can take it back at any time. Children of unknown parents are given a surname, first name, patronymic at the reception and registered in the registry office on the basis of the act of admission. Information about all the children who have arrived at the children's home or are discharged are sent to the address table. From the home of the child, children are sent to their parents, to patronage, for adoption or after 3-4 years of age they are transferred to preschool children's homes.
The newly admitted children are subjected to medical examination, they are given the necessary anthropometric measurements, give an assessment of psychophysical development. Based on the medical report, the necessary treatment is established. Children entering the child's home before the age of two months are sent directly to the group. Children over two months in order to prevent the introduction of infectious diseases are sent to the quarantine department. At the end of the quarantine period, children in the absence of infectious diseases are transferred to the appropriate age groups of the child's home (nursing, sliders, middle and senior). Each group of children is served by a nurse-teacher and nurse.The
Healthy activities are systematically carried out in the children's homes: sleep on the air, walks, air and sun baths, water procedures, massage , gymnastics, mercury-quartz lamp irradiation, aeration. In the summer, children from cities are taken to dachas.
A healthy diet is provided in the homes of the child; up to 3-4 months of age, children receive female milk. The diet is compiled for each child in accordance with his age and health status. Nutrition and cooking for children in the homes of the child is under the supervision of a doctor.
In the children's homes, children are made in due time, in the absence of contraindications, all preventive vaccinations. The sick child is immediately isolated from the rest of the children by placing in a group box or in an isolator . The number of beds in the prison is estimated at 10% of the total number of beds in the child's home. When an infectious disease is established, the child is transferred to an infectious disease hospital. The average medical staff of the child's home monitors the implementation of the regime of the day, the nutrition of children, conducts health and tempering procedures, all medical and preventive procedures and preventive vaccinations as prescribed by the doctor.
At the head of the child's home is the chief doctor - a pediatrician, who is responsible for setting up medical, educational, socio-legal and administrative-economic work. For weakened children infected with tuberculosis, sanatorium homes of the child or sanatorium groups in the children's homes are created. There are specialized children's homes for children with lesions of the central nervous system, speech disorders, etc.
Under the house of the child special premises for 30-100 places with the fenced site are allocated. For each children's group there are separate cloakrooms, a dining room, a bedroom, a veranda and a toilet-bathroom.