The Hygiene with the fundamentals of the health organization

Hygiene with the fundamentals of the health organization

In this textbook, the presentation of all sections and basic issues of hygiene was carried out from Marxist-Leninist positions and with the involvement and use of the latest achievements in the field of hygienic science and the instructions of the 24th Congress of the CPSU. The textbook consists of 13 chapters: air hygiene, soil, nutrition, housing, personal hygiene, occupational health, health education, etc.

The textbook is written in accordance with the program approved by the Ministry of Health of the USSR, and is intended for students of nursing departments of medical schools.

1. The subject and tasks of hygiene
2. A brief outline of the development of hygiene in Russia and the USSR
3. Methods of hygienic research
Chapter I. Air Hygiene.
1. The hygienic value of the air
2. Chemical composition of air and its hygienic value
3. Hygienic characteristics of harmful impurities in the air
4. Hygienic characteristics of air in terms of dust and bacterial contamination
5. Measures for the sanitary protection of air
6. Physical properties of air and their hygienic value
7. Solar radiation and its hygienic value
8. Assessment of the complex effect of meteorological conditions on the body
9. Microclimate
Practical classes in the section "Air Hygiene"
Chapter II. Soil hygiene and cleaning of populated areas.
1. Hygienic and epidemiological significance of soil
2. Self-cleaning of soil
3. The composition of waste, the rate of their accumulation
4. Cleaning of populated areas
5. The export cleaning system
6. Filling system - sewage
Chapter III. Hygiene of water supply of populated areas.
1. Hygienic and epidemiological significance of water
2. Hygienic requirements for drinking water
3. Hygienic assessment of various sources of water supply
4. Water supply systems
5. Purification and disinfection of water
6. Sanitary protection of water supply sources
Practical classes in the section "Hygiene of water supply in populated areas"


Chapter IV. Hygiene of the home.
1. Hygienic requirements for housing
2. Hygienic requirements for natural lighting of a home
3. Hygienic requirements for artificial lighting
4. Hygienic requirements for the microclimate of the home
5. Hygienic requirements for heating
6. Hygienic requirements for ventilation of living quarters
7. Causes of dampness in living quarters and measures to combat it
8. Hygienic requirements for the design and operation of hostels
9. Hygienic requirements for the planning and improvement of the field mill
10. Hygienic requirements for building materials
11. Hygienic value of green plantations
Practical classes on "Hygiene of the home"
Chapter V. Food Hygiene
1. The importance of rational nutrition for public health
2. Power Mode
3. Importance for human basic nutrients
4. Preserving food products
5. Importance of canned food and concentrates in food
6. Hygienic assessment of food
Food products of animal origin
Food products of vegetable origin
7. Food poisoning and their prevention
8. Sanitary requirements for the installation and operation of public catering establishments
9. Personal hygiene of staff.
Practical classes in the section "Food Hygiene"


Chapter VI. Personal hygiene. Hygiene of clothes and shoes.
1. Hygienic requirements for the regime of work, rest, daily routine. Sleep Hygiene
2. Care for skin, hair, nails, oral cavity
3. Hygiene of clothes and shoes
4. Sanitary and hygienic requirements for municipal and domestic institutions
Chapter VII. Hygiene of children and adolescents.
1. Hygienic basis of the regime of the day and training sessions for children and adolescents
2. Sanitary and hygienic requirements for the device, equipment and sanitary maintenance of schools
3. Hygienic requirements for pioneer camps
Chapter VIII. Occupational health.
1. The subject and tasks of occupational health
2. Occupational hazards and occupational diseases
3. The essence of fatigue and prevention measures
4. Occupational diseases associated with the forced monotonous position of the body and the tension of individual organs
5. Hygienic characteristics of the industrial microclimate
6. Production noise and vibration, their effect on the body and prevention measures
7. Production dust, its effect on the body, control measures
8. Effects of industrial poisons on the body and preventive measures
9. Occupational injuries and control measures
10. Bases of hygienic accomplishment of industrial enterprises
11. Features of working conditions in selected industries
12. Occupational hygiene in agricultural production
13. Hygiene of work in the work with radioactive substances
14. Personal protective measures and personal hygiene in handling radioactive substances
Chapter IX. The tasks of organization of medical care and sanitary-epidemiological services for the population.
1. Basic principles of Soviet health care
2. Issues of public health protection in the CPSU Program
3. Structure of health authorities
4. Moral appearance of the Soviet medical worker
Chapter X. Organization of treatment and preventive care for the urban population.
1. The United City Hospital
2. United Children's Hospital
3. Medical assistance to industrial workers
4. Dispensaries
CHAPTER XI. The organization of inpatient and out-patient care to the rural population.
1. The regional hospital
2. District hospitals
3. Rural precinct hospital
4. Feldsher-midwife point
CHAPTER XII. Health education.
Chapter XIII. Social insurance and legal issues.
1. Social Insurance
2. Legal issues

Allowed by the General Directorate of Educational Institutions of the Ministry of Health of the USSR as a textbook for students of medical nurse departments of medical schools