Datura ordinary - Datura stramonium L.
Family Solanaceae - Solanaceae Pers.
The generic name comes from the Arabic "tatora" (tat - prick), which characterizes the thorniness of the fruit.
Datura ordinary - a fairly well-known poisonous plant. Its stem is grassy, forked, bare, 50-80 cm tall.
Fig. 19. Datura ordinary.
The leaves are alternate, ovate in outline, grooved-toothed along the edges. Flowers sit in the forks of the stem one by one. They are rather large, funnel-shaped, with a pyati-fold limb, each of which ends with scars. Calyx pentahedral and, like the nimbus, notched. The fruit is a box with numerous spikes, opening with shutters.Go
Seeds are sown in April, as germination requires a well-heated soil ; shoots appear in 8-15 days. In the phase of full development on the plant at the same time you can find shoots with fruits, flowers and buds. Seeds should be picked carefully, as the sharp thorns of the fruit can cut their hands. The collection should be carried out only by employees of pharmacies with special training.
This species is found in weedy places, near housing, in gardens in the southern and middle parts of the European part of the USSR, in the Baltic States, in the Crimea and in the Caucasus, in the southern regions of Central Asia.
In all parts of plants contain alkaloids. Medical raw materials are leaves that are harvested from the flowering stage of the plant to frost. The largest number of alkaloids is in the leaves and fruits, so they are included in all the pharmacopoeias of the USSR.
Datura leaves, along with leaves of henbane and belladonna, are part of the anti-asthma smoking powder of asthmatol used as a spasmodic in the treatment of bronchial asthma.
Datura ordinary - wild-growing, introduced into the culture of the plant. Leaves contain atropine group alkaloids. Part of the drugs (asthmatol and asthmatin), used as an antispasmodic in bronchial asthma, convulsive cough and other diseases accompanied by spasm of the muscles of the bronchi. The highest single dose of the leaves of the dope ordinary - 0.2 g, daily - 0.6 g
Datura ordinary - this plant - a relative of henbane, it causes the same severe poisoning. It grows in weedy places, grazing, in gardens, near housing. It occurs frequently, especially in the southern regions of the country.
The stem of the dope is high, up to a meter, hollow inside. Deep leaves on long petioles.
The veins on the leaves are whitish and protrude from below. Datura blooms with white gramophone. Flowers sit in the forks of the stems. By the fall on the plant fruits are formed, similar to nuts, seated with numerous thorns.
All parts of the plant, and especially fruits, contain toxic substances.