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High temperatures

Thermal damage, especially burns, is relatively common in everyday life and at work and is accompanied by a rather high mortality rate. The frequency of burns in relation to the number of injuries in the home and at work in peacetime is from 5 to 12%. About a third of the burned are children, a significant proportion also falls on elderly and elderly people.

The occurrence of pathological reactions in thermal injury is associated with hypoxic, hemodynamic and metabolic disorders. A specific feature of a burn injury, unlike other types of external influences, is that only the skin initially suffers, but for the second time pathology develops in almost all internal organs. The only exception is the primary lesion in the form of burns to the respiratory tract.

A health disorder and death from the action of a thermal factor can result from a general overheating of the body or local (local) effects.

  • Overheating
  • Local action (thermal burns)
  • Control questions
    1. What are the general and local manifestations of the effects of high temperature on the human body?
    2. How can I determine the burn area of ​​the body?
    3. How to determine the severity of bodily injury when exposed to high temperature?
    4. What are the causes of death under high temperature?
    5. How to determine when a person’s body was exposed to a high temperature (flame) before or after death?