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Basic principles of medical ethics and ethics of the Soviet doctor

  • Medical ethics
  • Deontology and scientific and technological progress
  • Medical errors
  • Questions of medical ethics in the practice of the forensic expert
  • All the activities of medical workers are devoted to the most important task - the protection of public health. Health is a blessing and happiness for every person and a necessary condition for the growth of labor productivity, the economic power of the country, and the well-being of the people. The care of the Soviet state about the health of every citizen complies with the principles of humanism and social justice, and serves the goals of the further prosperity of a socialist society.

    The basis for the success of a Soviet doctor is equally: sufficient professional training, high moral and ethical qualities and adherence to the principles of communist and professional morality, ideological and political maturity and devotion to the ideals of communism. If the professional knowledge and skills of a doctor constitute the actual basis of his activity, then the moral qualities of the doctor are its ideological basis.

    Moral, along with law, is a form of social consciousness and social relations that regulates the behavior of people in society — a set of strictly defined, relatively stable norms of behavior that are expressed in public consciousness, expressing the will of the ruling classes and reflecting the social needs of society at a certain stage of its development.


    Carrying out its policies and interests, the ruling class uses, among other means and means of morality, to solve, in particular, the main moral problem - the combination of personal and social interests. It is important that at the same time, the general moral requirements that prevail in society are detailed and concretized in relation to individual professional and social groups that have their own interests. Consequently, the main principles in any professional morality are the basic principles and requirements of the general communist morality prevailing in our society, and the observance of these principles is obligatory for every member of any profession.

    In the process of historical development, individual professional groups worked out and tried to consolidate the moral norms governing the relations of its members among themselves and with society, in their own charters, codes, “oaths”. And it is not by chance that the first oath of allegiance to his professional duty was the Hippocratic Oath, in which the duties of the doctor towards the sick and their relatives, their teachers were forbidden, and actions that could cause physical or moral harm to the patient were forbidden. or people close to him.

    For many centuries, the Hippocratic Oath was the basis for the oath, the so-called "faculty" promises of doctors in many countries, including Russia.

    In 1971, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the “Oath of the Doctor of the Soviet Union” was established. This oath concentrates the basic moral requirements that the Soviet state makes to every doctor and which he vows to comply with all his life:
    - readiness to devote all forces and knowledge to the protection and improvement of human health, treatment and prevention of diseases, to work conscientiously where the interests of society require;
    - constant readiness to provide medical care, carefully and carefully treat the patient, to keep medical confidentiality;
    - the duty to constantly improve their medical knowledge and medical skills, to contribute with their work to the development of medical science and practice;
    - the duty to protect and develop the noble traditions of Russian medicine; in all their actions be guided by the principles of communist morality, always remember the high vocation of the Soviet doctor, the responsibility to the people and the Soviet state;
    - take an active part in the struggle to preserve peace on Earth.