Go Gunshot Damage | Forensic Medicine

Gunshot damage

  • The basics of the structure of firearms
  • Ammunition structure
  • Shot and accompanying phenomena
  • Mechanisms of formation of damage caused by fire projectiles
  • Gunshot entrance wound
  • Wound channel
  • Exit gunshot wound
  • Improvised weapon
  • Airguns
  • Shrapnel explosive damage
  • Examination of multiple gunshot injuries
  • Inspection of the scene
  • Body exam
  • Weapons in which the projectile is driven by the energy of the products of combustion of gunpowder, called firearms. A specific feature of the occurrence of gunshot injuries is that they are formed as a result of the impact of a projectile (bullet) having a relatively small mass (g), but flying at a speed of several hundreds or even thousands of meters per second. It is also customary to attribute fire damage to those that occur during mechanical action on the human body during the explosion of ammunition (cartridges), explosives (tol, nitroglycerin, gunpowder, etc.), the explosion of shells (mines, bombs, grenades, etc.).

    Gunshot injuries can have a different origin and occur under very different conditions, which determines their great diversity. Depending on the origin of the gunshot injuries are divided into bullet, shot, splinter.


    Firearms are extremely varied and difficult to unify. It is accepted to subdivide firearms into two large independent groups: artillery and rifle. In forensic practice, small arms are of most importance, the classification of which is presented in Table 8.

    Table 8. Classification of handguns according to their design features
    Group and Subgroup View and subspecies
    I. Military weapons 1. Combat rifles and carbines:
    a) store
    b) automatic
    2. Submachine guns (automatic)
    3. Pistols:
    a) military
    b) pocket (civil)
    4. Revolvers
    Ii. Sports weapon
    A. Training (sport mass)
    B. Trust
    1. Small bore rifles
    2. "pistols
    3. "revolvers
    1. Small bore rifles
    2. pistols
    III. Field weapon
    A. Smooth-bore (shotgun)
    B. Cut (bullet)
    B. Combined (puledrob)
    1. Single Barrels
    2. Double-Barreled "
    1. Fittings
    2. Carabiners
    3. Small bore rifles
    1. Double-barreled
    2. Three-barreled
    3. Four-barreled
    Iv. Improvised and converted weapons 1. Self-made
    2. Crop
    V. Atypical 1. Construction and mounting guns
    2. Hammers

    In addition, weapons can be classified according to the length of the barrel: long-barreled (rifles, carbines), medium-medium (submachine guns), short-barreled (pistols, revolvers); structural features of the stem (smooth-bore, rifled), its diameter (caliber); method of reloading (mopping, self-loading, automatic, etc.) and other properties.

    For the implementation of the shot, you need three components: weapons, charge and projectile. The charge (gunpowder) and the projectile (bullet, shot) for firing from a modern weapon (for ease of reloading) are combined into one set - a cartridge.