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Poisoning, causing functional disorders of the body

Many poisons, depending on their chemical nature and amount, have a relative or preferential selectivity of toxic action. In the clinical picture of poisoning, symptoms of damage to individual systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, etc.) may predominate. In forensic practice, poisoning with poisons that cause hypoxic conditions ( cyanide compounds , hydrogen sulfide , carbon dioxide — carbon dioxide ) is of the greatest importance.

  • Cyanide poisoning
  • Hydrogen sulfide poisoning
  • Carbon dioxide poisoning (carbon dioxide)
  • Acute poisoning with hypnotics
  • Acute psychotropic poisoning
  • Ethyl alcohol poisoning
  • Poisoning with alcohol substitutes and technical liquids
  • Control questions
    1. What poisons cause functional disorders of the body and what is the mechanism of their action?
    2. Describe the clinical picture of poisoning and the mechanism of action of cyanic compounds on the human body.
    3. What is the mechanism of the action of hypnotic substances on the human body?
    4. What are the mechanism of action and the clinical picture in acute poisoning with narcotic poisons from the group of alkaloids (opium, morphine, cocaine)?
    5. What is the principle of forensic diagnosis of fatal poisoning by neuroleptics and tranquilizers ?
    6. What characterizes the clinic for strychnine poisoning?
    7. Describe the mechanism of action of ethyl alcohol on the human body.
    8. What are the toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics of ethyl alcohol in the human body?
    9. What is the lethal concentration of ethyl alcohol in the blood?
    10. What is the procedure for establishing the degree of intoxication?
    11. What is the basis of the forensic diagnosis of death from alcohol intoxication?
    12. What is the cause of death in methyl alcohol poisoning?
    13. What is the basis for diagnosing death from methyl alcohol poisoning?
    14. Describe the mechanism of action of ethylene glycol and dichloroethane on the human body.
    15. What is the basis for the forensic diagnosis of death from tetraethyl lead poisoning?