The Nursing


Care of patients is a set of measures that ensure comprehensive care of patients and the implementation of medical prescriptions for their treatment.

Care is inextricably linked with treatment (see); they complement each other and serve a common goal. The organization of care and its implementation are an integral part of the activities of medical personnel of medical institutions.

Care of patients is largely the responsibility of the average medical staff, especially in inpatient medical institutions, where most of the time patients are under the direct supervision of nurses. Successful fulfillment of numerous care activities requires not only good professional skills, but also high moral principles in their attitude towards patients. Sensitiveness, care and sincere contact with patients ensure the patient's trust in medical activities, support in him the belief in recovery. Soviet medical nurses are distinguished by the principles of humanism, unselfishness and the high duty of serving the socialist Motherland, which is reflected in the daily work of medical institutions. At all stages of treatment, proper care provides an optimally favorable household and psychological environment for the patient. It is extremely important to protect the patient from negative factors, as well as from excessive attention to his, sometimes difficult, condition.


The nurse helps the patients in adapting to the regime of the medical institution. Accommodation of patients in multiple wards should be carried out taking into account individual characteristics: age, intellectual and professional data, etc. The nurse should individualize the approach to the patients, depending on the level of their development, character traits; sensitive to the sufferings of the patient, to care for the satisfaction of his needs, to learn to patiently endure increased reactions and demands, often even whims, bearing in mind the mild excitability and irritability of the patients. To avoid iatrogenic diseases (see), medical staff should be very careful in talking with the patient on medical topics. The nurse's pleasant and caring attitude gives the patient a great moral, often physical relief. Ability to create an optimistic mood in a patient is a great contribution to recovery. At the same time, a caring attitude should not be replaced by familiarity, since in these cases the loss of the authority of a nurse is inevitable. Restrained and calm treatment allows you to subordinate patients to the regime of a medical institution, reasonable requirements of medical staff.

This should be favored by the appearance of the medical staff: a suitably sized and buttoned medical gown, a scarf or cap that covers the hair, are mandatory requirements for the uniform of medical personnel. Shoes should preferably be soft. Nails should be short-cut, hands are impeccably clean. Before each manipulation, you should wash your hands with a brush and soap, and if necessary - with a disinfectant solution. The facial expression must always be serious enough, at the same time benevolent, without shades of absent-mindedness and inattention.

Care of patients is divided into general and special.

General care

  • The basis of general care
  • Personal hygiene of the patient
  • Rational nutrition of patients
  • Monitoring the condition of patients
  • The role of the nurse in caring for the sick
  • Care for a sick child
  • Care for the elderly
  • Features of care for special groups of patients

  • Principles of care for surgical patients
  • Care of traumatological patients
  • Care for patients with vertebral fractures
  • Care for patients with brain injuries
  • Care for patients with burns
  • Care for patients with surgical interventions
  • Care of dental patients
  • Care for ophthalmic patients
  • Care for otorhinolaryngological patients
  • Nursing care for neurological patients
  • Care of infectious patients
  • Care of patients with tuberculosis
  • Care for dermatological and venereal patients
  • Care of gynecological patients
  • Care of urological patients