The Yoga for Beginners


The section gives the general concept of yoga, describes the steps of the exercises for beginners entering the system that can be done at home and the significance of each of them, the positive aspects of its influence on the human body, its mind and soul.

Everyday psychophysical training helps a person to maintain health and high performance, as breathing and static-dynamic exercises for beginners develop hidden bioenergetic capabilities of the body. This can be verified personally, having tried the original methods of training based on ancient Oriental medicine.

The conditions of the civilization of the 20th century still cause a violation of the activity of the vegetative nervous system , internal organs and endocrine glands in the modern man, imbalance and disharmony of various physiological systems of the organism, exacerbation of chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular, as well as secondary changes in muscles and connective tissue. Various deviations in the health status of people, in particular those with sedentary lifestyles, are on the one hand the result of a sharp reduction in their motor activity, frequent stressful situations, irrational and irregular nutrition, and on the other hand, a consequence of a progressive disturbance of the ecological balance, factors of the environment, season, etc. In this case, in connection with the involuntary overstrain of the muscles of the body, the development of mental forces is inhibited, nervousness, absent-mindedness and unreason appear obnost to intense concentration, weakened and will lose power over the body, it disappears the possibility of complete relaxation.


But do not despair! If you overcome the so-called laziness and allocate a little time during the day to improve yourself right at home, you can correct the situation, get rid of many ailments and vices yourself.

As you know, physical and mental forces of a person are closely interrelated and have mutual influence, therefore in our work we will focus on those methods of cognition and self-expression of the personality that cause balance of these forces.

Everyday practice of self-realization, including psycho-physical exercises, will help a person develop his spiritual qualities, save his health and high work capacity in conditions of accelerating scientific and technical progress.

At present, harmonious unity in a person of the physical, intellectual and mental can only be achieved through appropriate methods, reflected in the yoga system for beginners. With the help of these methods, one can master the art of self-mastery independently, learn to remove excessive nervous tension, get rid of many ailments, restore the body's immunity , develop its hidden reserves and capabilities, become physically and mentally healthy, develop strengths for persistent overcoming of difficulties and a correct view of social mutual relations and conditions of life.

The word "yoga" has many semantic nuances. In philosophy, it is used as a term for expressing the idea of ​​working on oneself, the goal of which is the self-realization of the human essence. Ancient Indian teaching - "Bhagavad-gita" - traditional yoga was considered as a means of reuniting man with God, from whom he was once alienated. Today yoga is considered (due to objective tendencies of its development) a factor in the acceleration of the evolution of human consciousness, a means of introducing the ordering element into the course of the erratic movement of natural evolution. Yoga, passed the test for centuries, is a doctrine of the disclosure of the evolution of the consciousness of the individual, of her mental and physical health. Yoga, like the ancient Indian system of physical exercises, is an effective means of maintaining and promoting health, it involves the performance of asanas (static poses) throughout the life of a person. But do not let this frighten those who want to accept the teachings of yoga - to become her disciples (chala). After all, huge forces and time are spent, for example, on ballet lessons or music! Do not we eat all our lives? Yoga is necessary for the achievement of modern man's real well-being. This applies primarily to people living in large cities.


Classes of traditional yoga allow a person not only to preserve and strengthen their health, but also spirit, to abandon useless things, for human life should never be wasted, on spiritually aimless matters. This will make it possible to eliminate selfish actions, will contribute to the disappearance of some of our illusions, which is a serious argument in favor of this science, testifies to its humanity and rationality.

There are many different yoga teachings. In his work "Yoga without a Teacher", the Soviet researcher Boris Arov identifies two main classes of yoga: kundalini yoga and dhyana yoga. By all accounts, they are the most typical among the existing ones.

Mantra yoga awakens kundalini by uttering mantras (the mantra is one of the tools of the self-realization of man.The word "mantra" has two meanings: "protected thought" - the mantra contains the hidden knowledge inaccessible to the uninitiated, "defense from thought" - repetition brings calmness into the mental storm that is always raging in the mind of a person due to the excitation of its pituitary body.The most revered mantra is the sacred syllable "ohm", which is pronounced as a-uh-hmmmm for about one second Mantra - e a combination of transcendental sounds that frees the mind from anxiety, with a concentration of (concentration) on chakrams representing the seven centers (nerve plexus), which are located along the spine .

Laya-yoga accomplishes this by developing a concentration force that requires an increased current of energy.

Hatha yoga (yoga of coercion) causes kundalini due to the direction of the respiratory currents to various centers (parts) of the body, that is, control of breathing. Hatha means strength, violence, awakening and is the lowest level of mastering yoga. Mastering hatha yoga leads to the fact that the force that "sleeps" in every person, forcibly awakens and rises through the nerve plexuses (centers) of the body.

Raja Yoga (yoga of domination) activates the psychic powers of man as a result of the concentration of mental activity on anything, the inhibition of various objective states of the brain, the control of all mental functions. At the same time, a yogi (master of yoga) does not care about controlling breathing, but it is necessarily controlled when his mind becomes focused. Because of this, hatha yoga is also the branch of raja yoga.

Dhyana-yoga (yoga of meditation) includes three varieties (subclasses) of yoga: bhakti, karma, jnana. With a deep concentration of thought, they also cause the appearance of kundalini in the human body.

Bhakti-yoga (yoga of devotion) does this through religious meditation, that is, through an ever-increasing love for God, neighbor, etc., at the moment of religious ecstasy. In this case, we mean not the personal relationship of the god and his admirer, but a contemplative-reverent aspiration to higher spiritual states.

Karma yoga causes a "hidden life" in the human body as a result of the strengthening of will power, firmness in principles and selfless labor (karma means action, action, work, duty, destiny). This is the theory of retribution, according to which good actions, words or thoughts automatically bring good results in the future, bad actions, etc., give bad results. Thus, our destiny in the present is determined by the sum of the traces of our past actions, words, thoughts, and our future by our present activities.

Jnana Yoga (the yoga of knowledge and understanding) awakens kundalini through the meditation and meditation of the sage.